Heart Disease Blood Test – Complete Panel

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Heart Disease Blood Test – Complete Panel


Test Description

Heart Diseases
Heart diseases are the second most common cause of death around the globe. They are silent killers as atherosclerosis develops over time and can lead to plaque formation and blockage of the vessel. It eventually leads to Myocardial Infarction, Stroke, and Acute Coronary syndromes. An individual needs to get it self-checked regularly so that timely treatment gets possible.

Cardiac Lab Panel
Our Heart Disease Test Panel includes;

Apolipoprotein A1
Apolipoprotein B
Cardio IQ Lp-PLA2 Activity
Lipid Panel with Ratios
Lipo Protein (a)

Apolipoprotein A1 Test
This test is ordered to measure the level of apolipoprotein A1 in the blood. Apo1 is the constituent of HDL (Good Cholesterol) and its levels are important for assessing the lipid level in an individual. It is done along with a Lipid profile. A fast of 8-9 hour is required and Blood Samples are used to measure its level in the blood.

Apolipoprotein B Test
This test is used to measure the level of Apo B in the blood. Apo B is the constituent of Low-density lipoprotein LDH and Very Low-density Lipoprotein (VLDL). Both are bad cholesterol. Blood samples are required to measure its level and A fast of 8-9 hours is also required.

Cardio IQ Lp-PLA2 Activity
Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), also called platelet-activating factor is a marker of atherosclerosis in the body. It predicts coronary heart disease, stroke, and the presence of emboli in the blood. It is measured from blood samples and after an overnight fast.

Homocysteine Blood Test
It is an amino acid present in our body that constitutes the protein. Its level is a marker of atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, and vessel hardening. Its level is measured through blood.

Highly Sensitive C- Reactive Protein (CRP) Blood Test
It is a protein present in our body and is a marker of inflammation and heart diseases. Its levels are measured through blood samples. High levels are associated with underlying Heart pathologies.

Cardiac Lipid Panel
It includes Triglyceride level, LDL, HDL, and cholesterol. It is very important to monitor their level as increased levels can lead to atherosclerosis and which eventually causes stroke and Myocardial infarction. Blood Samples are used to measure their level. LDL VLDL Triglyceride and cholesterol are bad for our body while HDL is good for our health.

It is a protein present in our blood that predicts the level of lipids and is associated with the risk of coronary and chances of cerebrovascular accidents. Its level is measured by taking blood samples.

Who Should Test for Heart Disease?
Every age group individuals must get themselves screened for lipid levels as they cause severe irreversible damage to the body in the form of atherosclerosis, stroke and coronary syndromes.
According to the American Heart Association, 121.5 million Americans, or about 48.5 percent, dealing with heart or blood vessel disease as of 2019. The mortality from cardiovascular disease increases from more than 840,000 in 2018 to more than 850,000 in 2019.
Though the prevalence is more in the old age group but time to time keeping a check on their level prevent us from devastating consequences.

Heart Disease can affect us in the following ways
High levels of these tests indicate either high lipid level or inflammation as high lipid level can cause atherosclerosis and blockage of vessels and ultimately death results.

Signs & Symptoms of Heart Disease
Chest Pain, fainting, palpitations, xanthomas near eyes are few common symptoms associated with heart disease.
If you are aware of any family history of stroke, MI and Coronary Heart disease, then you can take this cardiac panel blood test as a precautionary measure. Apart from these, diabetes patients, and aged individuals can also have themselves tested for safety.

How to Read the Cardiac Blood Test Result?
Apolipoprotein A1 test
It is normal if Greater than 120 mg/dL (1.2 g/L) in men and Greater than 140 mg/dL (1.4 g/L in women.

Apolipoprotein B
Its level is normal if below 130 mg/dL (1.3 g/L).

Cardio IQ Lp-PLA2 Activity
Its presence shows the atherosclerosis

It is normal if below 15 micromoles per litre. Slightly raised if between 15-30 and Highly raised if above 30

Hs CRP Levels
It is normal below 0.3mg/dl.

Lipid Profile
Cholesterol level is normal between 180-220mg/dl
Triglyceride level is normal below 150mg/dl
LDL level is normal below 100mg/dl
HDL is normal if above 60mg/dl

It is normal if below 30mg/dl

How to Test for Heart Disease – Things to Remember
1. It requires a fast of 8-9 hours prior to collection of blood sample
2. Please Do not Exercise before sampling so that the blood is collected in a resting state.