DHEA Sulfate, Immunoassay

Select a health panel test to have a comprehensive examination of health and to save money

DHEA Sulfate, Immunoassay


Test Description

The DHEA-S Blood Test is done to determine the adrenal gland function. Also known as Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate, this test needs no preparation, and a sample of blood is drawn from the body.
The DHEA-S test will help the healthcare provider to evaluate whether the adrenal glands are working properly or not. It detects adrenal tumors or cancers and helps to determine the primary causes of masculine features and physical characteristics in women along with early puberty in boys.
What is tested?
Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate is a male sex hormone that is present in both men and women. The test measures the levels of DHEAS in the blood as it has a significant role to play.

  • It develops male secondary sexual characteristics at puberty.
  • It can be converted into the female hormone estrogen.
  • DHEAS can be converted into more potent androgens such as androstenedione or testosterone.
  • This hormone is mainly produced in adrenal glands, and a small amount is produced in a woman's ovaries and man's testicles. The test is useful to evaluate whether they are functioning optimally or not. It rarely happens that ovarian cancer produces DHEAS. Hence there is at least one less risk. However, adrenal tumors and enlargement cause increased levels of DHEA-S in blood.
    If this hormone is present in excess, it can lead to:
  • Early puberty in young boys
  • Cause amenorrhea or absence of menstrual periods
  • Cause women to develop masculine physical characteristics
  • A female baby might be born with genitals that are not distinctly male or female.

  • When is the test ordered?
    DHEA-S test is not done frequently. It may be ordered along with other hormone tests if the doctor suspects that the adrenal gland isn't functioning the way it is are supposed to. It will cause the following symptoms:
  • A deeper voice
  • Excess of body and facial hairs
  • Loss of hair in women similar to male pattern baldness
  • Muscularity
  • Acne
  • Enlargement of Adam's apple
  • Reduction in breast size
  • Ambiguous genitalia
  • Early puberty in boys

  • Test Results:
    The DHEA-S levels are usually normal. And if the levels are abnormal, it presents the case of adrenal tumor or cancer. If the DHEA-S levels are high, it indicates that the hormone is produced in excess amount along with the following results:
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
  • A benign or cancerous tumor in adrenal glands
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • Rarely an ovarian tumor
  • If the levels are low, it must be due to:
  • Adrenal insufficiency
  • Addison disease
  • Adrenal dysfunction
  • Hypopituitarism
  • Once the results came out, the healthcare provider can focus on your treatment. Luckily, this test can be carried at any time of the day. Unlike other hormones, the DHEA-S concentration in blood stays stable throughout the day. And there are no factors that might affect the results.
    Testing Info

    Alternate Name: DHEA SO4,DHEAS,Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate,Transdehydroandrosterone

    Test Instructions : Please do not exercise prior to testing. It is best that your blood is taken in a rested state.

    Fasting: No

    Methodology: Immunoassay (IA)

    Results In: 2

    Note: Turn around times on results are an estimate and are not guaranteed. The lab may need additional time due to holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, etc. You can contact us to discuss when your results should be ready and we will contact the lab on your behalf immediately.